Reparative therapy – An Explanation From Wikipedia

29 04 2007

Reparative therapy (also called conversion therapy and reorientation therapy) refers to methods aimed at eliminating same-sex sexual desires. Many techniques have been tried, including behavior modification, aversion therapy, psychoanalysis, prayer, and religious counseling.[1] Reparative therapy is closely associated with the “ex-gay” movement, which is more explicitly religious.[2] Ex-gay groups tend to focus primarily on adopting an “ex-gay identity” and avoiding same-sex sexual activity, and secondarily (or sometimes not at all) on changing the underlying orientation.[3]

The medical and scientific consensus is that reparative therapy is not effective and is potentially harmful.[2][4] No mainstream medical organization endorses reparative therapy and many have expressed concerns over the ethics and assumptions surrounding its practice. The mainstream view is that sexual orientation is unchangeable,[5] and that attempts to do so are often damaging to the person’s well-being,[2][6] and that the reparative therapy and ex-gay movements “create an environment in which prejudice and discrimination can flourish.”[7]

Since the 1990s, the reparative therapy and ex-gay phenomena have appeared in the news with relative frequency. Reparative therapists characterize the movement as offering the possibility of a choice to gay men and women who are discontented with their lifestyle.[8] LGBT rights supporters characterize the phenomenon as “the Christian Right [having] repackage[d] its anti-gay campaign in kinder, gentler terms. Instead of simply denouncing homosexuals as morally and socially corrupt, the Christian Right has now shifted to a strategy of emphasizing… the ex-gay movement. Behind this mask of compassion, however, the goal, remains the same: to roll back legal protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people…

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